The history of Cardiff
First settled by the Romans in 55AD, Cardiff was granted city status in 1905 and in 1955 was named the capital city of Wales. Cardiff (or Caerdydd as it’s known in Welsh) is home to an estimated 350,000 people and welcomes some 18 million visitors every year. The city made its fortune through coal and by the turn of the 20th century, it was the greatest exporter of coal in the world. Many areas of the city, such as Bute Park and the district of Butetown, are named after the Bute family, who developed the coal trade in Cardiff and built the city’s civic buildings. In the 1860s, the third Marquess of Bute, John Crichton-Stuart, was said to be the richest man in the world, due in large part to the city’s thriving coal trade. And in 1907 the world’s first £1 million deal was struck in the city’s Coal Exchange.