Things to do in Cairo

Things to do in Cairo

Dynamic and thriving, all things that are Cairo the capital city of Egypt. Cairo is the largest city in the Middle East and second largest in Africa and was built around the iconic River Nile. Due to its strategic location, Cairo is teeming with history and ancient stories of civilisations, religion and treasures. Today it is home to over 7 million people with plenty of things to see and do in the city for residents and tourists.

Pyramid of Giza
The oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Pyramids of Giza are an icon of Egypt. Standing at a height of 146.5 metres, the Giza Pyramid held the title of tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. The pyramids were erected on the west bank of the Nile, around 2580–2560 BC. Soaring above the city of Cairo, the pyramids are visible from most parts of the city. The pyramids were constructed using solid blocks of granite, mortar and limestone.
Sphinx
The great Sphinx of Giza is a popular symbol of Cairo. It is the largest monolith in the world, standing tall at 66.34 feet high with a length of 241 feet. The sphinx is built in the shape of a lion’s body with a human’s head. It is believed that the great sphinx was built by ancient Egyptians in 2558–2532 BC to represent the face of Pharaoh Khafra. There have been numerous attempts to restore the sphinx over the past 100s of years. There are plenty of organized private and group tours that visitors can make use of to explore and learn more about the history of the region and monuments.
The Egyptian Museum
No visit to Cairo is complete without a visit to the Egyptian museum. It houses the largest collection of ancient Egyptian and Pharaonic artefacts in the world. Built in 1835 the museum has an extensive collection of mummies, pottery, jewellery, treasures, masks, statues and much more.
Babylon Fortress
Serving as an entrance to Coptic Cairo, the Babylon Fortress was initially built to house many churches. Coptic Cairo is the old part of Cairo and features important sites for many Christian travellers. Visitors can explore the crypt of the holy family, the nunnery of St George and the old cemetery. The Babylon fortress was originally built by the Persians to protect the city from invasion.
Cairo Citadel
The Citadel of Cairo was constructed during the Islamic middle ages, and was famous for providing an extensive view of the city. The three famous mosques most frequented by Muslim travellers in Citadel include the Mosque of Muhammad Ali, Al-Nasir Muhammad Qala'un Mosque and Mosque of Suleyman Pasha. Other popular attraction at Cairo citadel include the carriage museum and Egyptian military museum.
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